How to make a CAT5/5e/6 Patch Cable
Materials needed: CAT5/5e/6 Cable, RJ45 Plugs, Crimping Tool for RJ45 Plugs, RJ45/Network Cable Tester
To make a Patch Cable using CAT5/5e/6 first, using the cable stripper on the crimp tool, strip about 25mm of the outer jacket to reveal the 4 twisted pairs being careful not to damage the twisted pairs. A Stanley knife can also be used if the crimp tool does not have a cable stripper.
Arrange the four twisted pairs as follows from left to right: Orange White, Orange, Green White, Blue, Blue White, Green, Brown White, Brown.
Straighten the pairs as much as possible whilst keeping them arranged correctly. Once the pairs are straightened, trim them down to about 10mm, or enough to allow the RJ45 Wedge to grip the Cable Jacket when crimped, and insert into your RJ45 Plug with Orange White being in Pin Terminal One, Orange being in Pin Terminal Two, Green White in Pin Terminal Three and so on, making sure each of the pairs go into the correct Pin Terminal.
You can now use you crimp tool to crimp the RJ45 Plugs pins into the pairs and the RJ45 Plug wedge onto the jacket of the Cable.
RJ45 pins and pair arrangement shown below
After crimping your RJ45 Plugs to each end of your CAT5/5e/6 Patch Cable you’ll need to test the cable to make sure it will work correctly. An RJ45 Tester will test the Patch Cable and indicate if there are any problems with your cable.
If there is an issue with the Cable you’ve made the tester will indicated which end and which pin isn’t working correctly.
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